Assessment is more than forming judgements about a learner’s mastery of a body of curriculum content. It is monitoring the learner’s incremental understanding of the language, concepts and skills of a learning area or domain and what they need to do to succeed. The practitioner requires an understanding of how learning develops within a domain, what skills and knowledge learners need in order to progress and also what are the common misunderstandings that hinder learning.
Domain expertise and knowledge of the learning continuum enable practitioners to effectively assess where learners are on the continuum. Assessment results then provide the basis for planning by identifying what learners need to learn next.