​​​​​​​​​Practices that have most impact on learner achievement​​

The impact of effective teaching and learning practices on learner achievement in making progress along the learning continuum is significant regardless of family background or socioeconomic status. Effective practices include high quality instruction and ongoing assessment and feedback.

Hattie’s research identified the effect size of a range of instructional practices:

​Influence​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Effect size
Feedback​​​1.13
Instruction​​al quality​​​​1.00
Direct instruction​​.82
Remediation/fee​​dback.65
Peer tutoring​.50
Mastery learning.50
Parent involvement.46
Homework.43
Questioning.41

​Source: Hattie, J. Teachers make a differ​​​​​ence, ACER, 2003​

An effect size of 0.40 is considered significant. It is clear that feedback is highly significant. The effective practitioner engages in high quality instructional practices which include direct instruction where required along with frequent assessment and feedback to the learner that includes strategies for improving learning.​

The McREL organisation’s research led to development of a set of nine essential instructional strategies that have been further developed by Marzano. Their research indicates that teachers who use these strategies improve student learning and achievement.

Further Reading

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Updated 11/05/2016