The impact of effective teaching and learning practices on learner achievement in making progress along the learning continuum is significant regardless of family background or socioeconomic status. Effective practices include high quality instruction and ongoing assessment and feedback.
Hattie’s research identified the effect size of a range of instructional practices:
Source: Hattie, J. Teachers make a difference, ACER, 2003
An effect size of 0.40 is considered significant. It is clear that feedback is highly significant. The effective practitioner engages in high quality instructional practices which include direct instruction where required along with frequent assessment and feedback to the learner that includes strategies for improving learning.
The McREL organisation’s research led to development of a set of nine essential instructional strategies that have been further developed by Marzano. Their research indicates that teachers who use these strategies improve student learning and achievement.
Download Hattie’s paper, "Teachers make a difference" at the South Australian Department of Education website.
View a video about the nine instructional strategies, how they improve learning and the role of ongoing feedback in learning.
Read about the nine effective essential instructional strategies developed by McREL that if added to the practitioner’s toolkit will improve learning.
Read a report about the research into the nine effective instructional strategies.